‘Food security exists when all people at all times have physical and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life’ (FAO 1996).
Lack of food production has led to hunger and although the association is not so direct, agriculture plays a role in the fight against hunger. Getting rid of world hunger cannot be separated from improving the agricultural landscape, with transformations of farming and food systems. Agriculture, distribution of food and making sure markets work better, provides the potential to reduce poverty and hunger. It generates incomes for farmers and all those who work in agricultural and food chains providing inputs, transporting, storing and processing agricultural produce. Investments in agriculture are the best weapons against hunger because if do that we build on self sufficiency. A holistic approach to agricultural development is needed to address pressing development challenges such as food insecurity.
Sustainable agricultural production can provide the foundation for achieving and maintaining access to food and for supplying people with adequate supplies of nutritious food. Many of Africa’s poor are engaged in farming or linked activities thus promoting agriculture is a good way to reduce poverty and, through that, hunger. All nations must work to make sure food must be locally available, abundant, and accessible to all of each country’s inhabitants. Such availability does not exist in many parts of the world despite the presence of millions of active farmers, both women and men, and extensive tracts of cultivable arable land. Although some of the reasons for food insecruties are weather calamities and war, helping smallholders adapt to modern techniques for agriculture is critical for global poverty reduction and food security.